The 35 billion economic maneuver for 2023 has been approved by the CDM. “I am very satisfied with the work done with this maneuver because it is not limited to accounting work but makes political choices and presents them to a government that in just a month has written and presented a maneuver that follows and tells of a political vision”, she said Prime Minister Giorgia Meloni in the press conference after the approval of the maneuver.
“I am happy that the approach we have had, as I see it, is that of a family budget, when you deal with a family budget, if there are no resources, you don’t worry about consent but about what is the right thing to do to make the family grow in the best of ways”.
“This maneuver is the result of political choices, as is right and normal for a political government, we have chosen and concentrated resources, it is a courageous maneuver, consistent with the commitments we have made with the Italian people and which bets on the future “.
“Based on the norm that counts a total of 35 billion euros there are two major priorities: the growththat is, to secure the productive fabric” and, on the other hand, “the social justice, that is to say the attention to families and to the lowest incomes”, added the premier.
Meloni: ’35 billion for growth and social justice’
“Another choice concerns the families. The State intervenes to calm bills for families, first with a maximum ISEE of 12,000 euros and we bring it to 15,000 euros. The audience for families is expanding but clearly the measure is for those most in need and is worth 9 billion euros”.
In the maneuver there are “three flat taxes”, including that “on incremental income to VAT numbers which have a flat tax of 15% on the higher profit achieved compared to the previous three-year period with a maximum threshold of 40 thousand euros, which demonstrates that this is a measure aimed at the middle class, which does not favors the rich and recognizes the sacrifices of those who work”, explained Giorgia Meloni. The prime minister recalls the increase in the flat tax to 85,000 euros and “the introduction of the 5% flat tax on productivity bonuses up to 3,000 euros against the 10% currently envisaged and goes hand in hand with an extended fringe benefit”.
“On parental leave: I’ve always thought that many mothers couldn’t afford it with 30% of salary. We have added one month of optional leave paid at 80% and usable up to the sixth year of life. A sort of piggy bank of the time without finding yourself in difficult economic conditions”.
“We postpone the entry into force of the plastic tax and sugar tax” of a year. Thus the premier Giorgia Meloni in the press conference after the approval of the maneuver. And she added: “We are introducing vouchers for jobs in agriculture and in the personal care sector, in particular for housework up to 10 thousand euros. It is a measure to regularize seasonal and occasional work which must be accompanied by very strict controls to avoid distortions”.
“The measures for the family and birth rate they are worth one and a half billion euros, a choice that does not have many precedents. The single allowance is increased by 50% for everyone for the first year of the child’s life, by 50% for three years for large families. The VAT on all early childhood products will be 5% and also for what concerns non-compostable female hygiene devices, the measures for the purchase of the first home for young couples are confirmed”.
“As promised, the major item of expenditure of the maneuver concerns the issue of expensive bills: out of a maneuver of 35 billion, the measures for energy are around 21 billion, obviously the two fundamental choices concern tax credits for companies, for which a credit is envisaged which applies to part of the increase that businesses have done over the same period a year earlier. So we confirm and increase the credits from 40 to 45% for energy-intensive companies and up to 35% for non-energy-intensive ones”.
“We will reevaluate the pensions” with the “minimum 120%” but with a mechanism of increase up to 2000 euros but then “the increase gradually decreases up to pensions over 10 times the minimum, i.e. above 5 thousand for which the indexation ends at 35%”, explained Meloni. The pension legislation intervenes “on the pension scale that would have started on 1 January, without an intervention on 1 January the pension would have started at 67”: it will be possible to retire “at 62 with 41 contributions, but with stakes of common sense. Whoever decides to enter this window, until the requisites are matured, will not be able to take a pension higher than 5 times the minimum, therefore between 62 and 67 years of age”.
On Basic income, “we are faithful to our principles, we continue to protect those who cannot work, we also add pregnant women, but for those who can work it will be abolished at the end of next year and cannot be received for more than 8 months and will expire on the first job offer”. “I see political forces calling the square, anything goes, but I would like to know if whoever thought of it imagined it as a tool of the state to take care of people aged 18 to 60. There are people who have been taking it for three years, evidently it didn’t work or for some Italians it must go on forever, I believe that the state must take care of them to find a job”.
“We did not make that choice because, not being able to distinguish the income of those who buy those goods, the measure would also go to those who did not need them”, explained Giorgia Meloni, saying pBecause the cancellation of VAT on primary goods such as bread and milk has not been introduced. “We have decided to select some foods – he added – and use 500 million to lower the price of those goods using the network of Municipalities and we plan to appeal to producers and distributors to help us. We will say who will join, lowering the price, and then we will tell which ones have joined our initiative and where those resources can be spent”.
In the context of the discussion on the maneuver in the majority “I saw no selfishness but a desire to work along the lines decided” for this “I thank the parties of the majority”. Now “we hope that the parliamentary process can be improved” with contributions “even from the opposition and we hope for a serious and responsible attitude like the one we had”.
“The spirit from which we move is a different relationship between the State and the taxpayer: the State is no longer aggressive and punitive but fair and understanding towards those in difficulty”: says Prime Minister Giorgia Meloni in a press conference speaking of the “fiscal truce” inserted in maneuver and ensuring that “there is no amnesty but only operations advantageous for the State”. The bills of less than 1,000 euros and prior to 2015 are “cancelled – he explains -. For all the others, the amount due is paid with a single surcharge of 3% and in installments”.
In the financial maneuver there will be “a rule to combat unfair competition in ‘open and close’ shops that is, those who open, do not pay a euro to the state coffers, close before the checks, disappear and start over. Now when the Revenue Agency has signs, it summons (those entrepreneurs, ed) and if it doesn’t have the necessary reassurances, it can cancel the VAT or ask for a guarantee on the payment of taxes”. Meloni concluded: “It is a measure of common sense, because traders must be defended”.
“There is the extension of the VAT until March on gas, a part of the resources is for the redefinition of the rule of extra profits which overcomes some elements of dispute. We recover around 2.5 billion and raise the rate from 25% to 35%”, added Meloni. “I think we have made progress after which the issue of a European ceiling” on the price of gas is fundamental for the future”. Meloni explained in response to a question on the price cap. “There are those who ask for the deviation, what needs to be done will be done but giving 30 billion to speculation doesn’t make me happy: they are resources that I would like to spend otherwise, it is a bottomless pit if there is no European solution”. “There will be a council in December, we hope for a solution so that after March we have another situation”. “We reason or to have other tools, such as Sure, otherwise more flexibility on existing funds.”
“There is the wedge cut: not only do we confirm the 2% on incomes up to 35,000 euros entirely on the worker side, but we add a further point for incomes up to 20,000 euros”. “It is the most expensive measure of the entire budget law: it costs 4 billion euros and this indicates that the government’s other priority is to increase” the salary of “those with lower incomes”. “We have made a different choice: net of bills, the most expensive measure (of the budget, ed.) is the cut of the tax wedge, so we are perfectly consistent with the commitments made”.
THE PRESS CONFERENCE
In presenting Nadef, we had indicated a “prudent, responsible and sustainable: I think we have demonstrated it”, with the addition of a “courageous and just approach. When you have the courage to make even unpopular choices, it is something important”. said the economy minister Giancarlo Giorgetti at the press conference after the launch of the maneuver in the CDM. “We proudly present it to the Italians and to all savers who continue to trust, I remember the success of the BTP Italia”. It is with tears in his eyes that the Economy Minister remembers Roberto Maroni, calling him ‘Bobo’ in a friendly way. The bonus renewed in the manoeuvre, which provides for a 10% increase for those who remain in work even if they meet the requirements for retirement, “belongs to him, not mine”.
“Our sanction system stands at 100-120% of the tax – said the Deputy Minister of Economy Maurizio Leo at the press conference on the fiscal truce in progress -. This is the first intervention on which we intervened. There are penalties which are a sort of expropriation for the taxpayer. We said: the taxpayer who diligently filed a return until 2021 but lacked the financial resources must pay all taxes. It is absolutely not an amnesty nor are there any penal-type amnesties: a lower penalty is applied and a five-year payment spectrum is granted”.
With the new rules on Basic income those who have conditions of further difficulty, households with minors, the disabled, the elderly and pregnant women have been “secured”. The Minister of Labor assured him, Marina Calderone, at the press conference on the maneuver. “There is a connection with training, there is the passage from the subsidy to activation, not as a reminder but as a compulsory path”, she added, also specifying other elements: seasonal work is made compatible within 3,000 euros with the income; checks will be intensified and the benefit will lapse after the refusal of a reasonable offer. “We are working to review the entire control system. The fact that self-certification is being used is due to the fact that the controls were carried out ex post because the timing of payment (30 days) did not allow for punctual control. We are also speaking with the ‘INPS to try to systematize the controls using information and databases in the best possible way”. Furthermore, he said, “there will be specific attention to verifying the effective presence on Italian territory of the recipients if they are foreign workers and this will be done by involving INPS”.
“We have already notified the European Commission of the continuation of tax relief measures in the South which we intend to continue for 2023 as well”, explained the Minister of Labour. Calderone then reaffirmed the intervention in the budget law for the decontribution in favor of women, young people under 36 and income recipients. The decontribution “by choice”, she added, is intended “to increase the net amount of workers’ compensation”.