Germany will adopt one resolution which will recognize the famine in Ukraine in the 1930s, caused by the Stalinist regime, as genocide. The text, presented by the government coalition made up of SPD, Greens and FDP and by the conservative opposition CDU-CSU, will be discussed next Wednesday in the Bundestag, the lower house of Parliament.
In 1932 and 1933, some 3.5 million Ukrainians fell victim to the Holodomor (which means “extermination by starvation” in Ukrainian) committed by the Stalinist regime. On that occasion, the crops were confiscated in the name of land collectivization.
The famine “is part of the list of inhumane crimes committed by totalitarian systems that wiped out millions of human lives in Europe, particularly in the first half of the 20th century”, condemns the draft resolution, seen by AFP. This crime “is part of our common history as Europeans”. “It is the whole of Ukraine that has been affected by famine and repression, not just its grain-producing regions,” the draft resolution reads. “From today’s perspective, it is therefore clear that this is a genocide in historical and political terms,” he added.
This classification as genocide, a concept coined during World War II, also has current significance, with the Russian invasion of Ukraine. “Once again, violence and terror must deprive Ukraine of its vital foundations and subjugate the whole country,” said Green MEP Robin Wagener, one of the initiators of the text. Russian President Vladimir Putin “is following in the cruel and criminal tradition of Stalin,” Wagener denounced. Russia flatly rejects such a classification, because the great famine that raged in the Soviet Union in the early 1930s claimed victims not only of Ukrainians, but also of Russians, Kazakhs, Volga Germans and other peoples, writes Le Monde.